A quick guide to infant’s rashes

July 13, 2016
  • Skin of newborn babies is prone to rashes of all types. Fortunately, the best thing about these rashes is that they go on their own over the period of time. Here we bring to you a quick guide to rashes which an infant can develop.

    Common rashes in infants

    Erythema Toxicum – It is one of the most commonly found rashes in infants. It appears like red blotches with ill-defined boundaries which are slightly elevated. Also, these rashes might have white or yellow dot right in the center. The cause or reason for its appearance is not known. It heals within a few days or week without any treatment.

    Salmon Patches – Also called “angel kiss” when appeared between the eyes, and “stork bite” on the baby’s neck, are nests of blood vessels. These rashes probably occur because of maternal hormones. They fade within a few weeks or months. In rare cases, stork bites do not go away.

    Pink Pimples –Often termed “neonatal acne”, occur because of exposure in mother’s womb to maternal hormones. Do not worry. There is no need for any kind of treatment. Just time is all these rashes require to go away. They might last for weeks or months on your infant’s skin.

    Little white bumps on the face and nose–These are caused primarily because of blocked oil glands. When oil glands of baby enlarge as well as open up in a few weeks or days, these white bumps will disappear.

    Mongolian Spots–These are very common in dark-skinned infants. They can appear on any part of infant’s body. They are gray-blue in colour and flat. They appear just like bruised skin and can be either large or small. They occur because of some pigment which failed to make it to the top layer when the skin of your infant was being formed. Mongolian spots are harmless and fade away by the time baby starts going to school.

    Jaundice – It is a yellow colour on infant’s eyes and skin. It occurs because of an excess presence of bilirubin, which is a disintegrated product of red blood cells. If the level of bilirubin becomes high then white or blue light might focus on the skin of infant for lowering the level as excessive bilirubin can become a health hazard in some cases.  

    Dry peeling –It is seen in almost all babies, and is absolutely normal. However, it is particularly noticeable in infants who are born little late. The underlying skin of an infant is perfectly moist, soft and normal.

    Common rashes noticeable in the initial months of your infant’s life

    Eczema – These red and itchy patches which appear on baby’s elbows, arms, face, chest, and legs. These appear because of sensitive and dry skin. A paediatrician will diagnose if these rashes are eczema, and appear treatment accordingly.

    Cradle cap–It appears at 1-2 months of your infant’s age. Yellowish and greasy crusts appear on infant’s scalp. It might also comprise a red and irritating rash on baby’s face, in the armpits, behind the ears, and on the neck. A paediatrician will prescribe the treatment on the basis of the symptoms.

    Prickly Heat – These appear as small red bumps, usually on the body of your baby which sweat and overheat. These areas include armpits, neck, and diaper area. Treatments focus on keeping the affected area dry and avoid overheating by dressing baby in loose-fitting clothes. 

    A fungal infection–It can appear in different ways on your infant’s body. When to appear in the diaper area, it looks like a red rash, usually with small bumps around the edges. It is called thrush when it appears on baby’s tongue and is similar to that of dry milk. A fungal infection appears in dark and moist areas.

    Above stated are some of the most common forms of rashes which are found among newborn infants.

    Summary

    Skin of babies is very sensitive and prone to different types of rashes. Parents should always be alert in case rashes appear. There are different types of rashes. While most of these rashes fade away over the period of time, it is only in some cases that your baby needs medication. 

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